Causes  and symptoms of high blood pressure

Causes  and symptoms of high blood pressure

High blood pressure is a health condition that affects many people in the World. For instance, approximately 85 million in the United States are affected by hypertension. This is a condition characterized by excessive pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. If left uncontrolled or untreated, this condition can lead to other health problems such as vision loss, kidney disease, stroke, and heart failure.

Symptoms associated with blood pressure

The heart is tasked with pumping blood around your blood thereby supplying blood rich in oxygen to the cells and muscles. The normal blood pressure of a human being is 140/90 mmHg. Individuals suffering from hypertension have a blood pressure that is higher than this. Most of the symptoms associated with this condition are exhibited when the blood pressure reaches 180/110 mmHg. These symptoms include

  • Nausea-this is a sensation of discomfort and unease in the stomach
  • A headache- a severe headache that can last for several days
  • Dizziness-Unsteadiness, vertigo, and lightheadedness
  • Palpations- this is characterized by irregular heartbeat
  • Double vision (diplopia) or blurred vision
  • Dyspenia- shortness of breath, breathlessness

Other symptoms that are common in young babies and newborns include respiratory distress, irritability, seizure, failure to thrive, and lethargy. Individuals diagnosed with this health condition are advised to makes sure that their blood pressure is checked frequently.

Complications associated with high blood pressure

If this condition is not controlled, it can lead to excessive pressure on your artery walls. This can damage the blood vessels and other vital organs. The damage caused is dependent on the severity of high blood pressure and how long it takes before it gets treated. The following are the main complications associated with high blood pressure

  • Blood clotting-This occurs when blood is converted from a liquid forming a solid (thrombus)
  • Stroke- this occurs when the flow of blood to the brain gets impaired by a rupture or blockage leading to the death of the brain cells.
  • Heat failure- It results from struggling with the heart when pumping blood. It is the responsibility of the heart to pump blood to the various parts of the body. Heart failure will result when the heart is pumping blood under very high pressure leading to thickening of the heart muscles.

  • Heart attack- this is fatal. It results when the heart has no supply of blood leading to the death of its muscles.
  • Aneurysm- this is a condition where a bulge is formed on the walls of the heart, veins or artery. Finally, the weakened wall may rupture.

What causes high blood pressure?

The following are some of the main factors lined with hypertension

  • Family history
  • Age
  • Obesity and overweight
  • Ethnic background
  • High salt intake
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol intake
  • Temperature

 

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